Winter storms and cold temperatures can be hazardous. Stay safe and healthy by planning ahead. Prepare your home and cars. Prepare for power outages and outdoor activities. Check on older adults.
Although winter comes as no surprise, many people are not ready for its arrival. If you are prepared for the hazards of winter, you will be more likely to stay safe and healthy when temperatures start to fall.
Take these steps for your home.
Many people prefer to remain indoors in the winter, but staying inside is no guarantee of safety. Take these steps to keep your home safe and warm during the winter months:
Winterize your home:
Install weather stripping, insulation, and storm windows.
Insulate water lines that run along exterior walls.
Clean out gutters, and repair roof leaks.
Check your heating sources:
Have your heating system serviced professionally to make sure that it is clean, working properly, and venlated to the outside.
Inspect and clean fireplaces and chimneys.
Install a smoke detector. Test batteries monthly.
Have a safe alternate heating source and alternate fuels available.
Prevent carbon monoxide (CO) emergencies:
Install a CO detector to alert you of the presence of the deadly, odorless, colorless gas. Check batteries when you change your clocks in the fall and spring.
Learn symptoms of CO poisoning: headache, dizziness, weakness, upset stomach, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion.
Don't forget to prepare your car.
Get your car ready for cold weather use before winter arrives:
Service the radiator and maintain the antifreeze level; check tire treads, or if necessary, replace res with all-weather or snow res.
Keep gas tank full to avoid ice in the tank and fuel lines.
Use a wintertime formula in your windshield washer.
Prepare a winter emergency kit to keep in your car in case you become stranded. The kit should include
Mobile phone, portable charger, and extra batteries
Food and water
Booster cables, flares, re pump, and a bag of sand or cat lier (for traction)
Compass and maps
Flashlight, battery-powered radio, and extra batteries
Plasc bags (for sanitaon)
Equip in advance for emergencies.
Be prepared for weather-related emergencies, including power outages:
Stock food that needs no cooking or refrigeration, and store water in clean containers.
Ensure that your mobile phone is fully charged.
Keep an up-to-date emergency kit, including 1. Battery-operated devices, such as a flashlight, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationbatteries (NOAA) weather radio, and lamps 2. Extra baeries 3. First-aid kit and extra medicine 4. Baby items 5. Cat lier or sand for icy walkways
Protect your family from carbon monoxide:
Keep grills, camp stoves, and generators out of the house, basement, and garage.
Locate generators at least 20 feet from the house.
Leave your home immediately if the CO detector sounds, and call 911.
Take these precautions outdoors.
Many people spend many hours outdoors in the winter working, traveling, or enjoying winter sports. Outdoor actives can expose you to several safety hazards, but you can take these steps to prepare for them:
Wear appropriate outdoor clothing: a tightly woven, preferably wind-resistant coat or jacket; inner layers of light, warm clothing; miens; hats; scarves; and waterproof boots.
Sprinkle cat lier or sand on icy patches.
Learn safety precautions to follow when outdoors:
Be aware of the wind chill factor.
Work slowly when doing outside chores.
Take a buddy and an emergency kit when you are participating in outdoor recreation.
Carry a mobile phone.
Do this when you plan to travel.
When planning travel, be aware of current and forecast weather conditions:
Avoid traveling when the weather service has issued advisories.
If you must travel, inform a friend or relative of your proposed route and expected time of arrival.
Follow these safety rules if you become stranded in your car: 1. Make your car visible to rescuers. Tie a brightly colored cloth on the antenna, raise the hood of the car (if it is not snowing), and turn on the inside overhead lights (when your engine is running). 2. Move anything you need from the trunk into the passenger area. Stay with your car unless safety is no more than 100 yards away. 3. Keep your body warm. Wrap your entire body, including your head, in extra clothing, blankets, or newspapers. Huddle with other people if you can. 4. Stay awake and stay moving. You will be less vulnerable to cold-related health problems. As you sit, keep moving your arms and legs to improve circulation and stay warmer. 5. Run the motor (and heater) for about 10 minutes per hour, opening one window slightly to let air in. Make sure that snow is not blocking the exhaust pipe—this will reduce the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning.
Check on family and neighbor