People whose gums and teeth are in poor condition may be more susceptible to an oral virus that could lead to oral cancer. People with poor dental health are more likely to have infections containing HPV (human papillomavirus). The majority of people with gum disease or other tooth issues test positive for oral HPV, which could lead to oral cancer. A small proportion of people who rate their dental health as excellent record cases of human papillomavirus.
Understanding Oral Cancer
Cancer occurs due to the uncontrolled growth of cells, which invade and damage the surrounding tissue in the body. Oral cancer may occur in any part of the mouth, including the lips, cheeks, the floor of the mouth, sinuses, tongue, and throat. Cancer may appear as a persistent sore or lump that does not fade.
Symptoms of Oral Cancer
Symptoms of oral cancer may vary from one individual to the other; however, the typical symptoms for the disease are:
Swellings, lumps, or rough spots on the gums, lips, or other areas inside the mouth
The presence of unusual red and white patches on the inner side of the mouth
Unusual bleeding from the mouth
Strange tenderness, numbness, or pain in any area on the mouth, neck, or face
Unexplained and persistent sores on the mouth, face, or neck. The cores do not heal within two weeks and also bleed easily upon being touched
A persistent feeling of soreness or obstruction as if you have something obstructing your throat
Challenged in speaking, chewing, swallowing food, and moving the tongue or the jaw
Unexplained sore throat, a change in the voice including hoarseness
A noticeable change in the way your dentures or teeth fit together
An unexplained weight loss
Bad Oral Hygiene and Oral Cancer
Oral cavities play major roles in the human body. The oral area is the primary site for human communication and is the entry to the respiratory system and the gastrointestinal tract. Poor oral hygiene could destroy the integrity of the oral cavity and eventually lead to oral cancers.
Studies indicate that there is a strong link between poor oral health and oral cancer. For instance, of all cancers that people suffer from in India, 50% comprises the cancer of the floor of the mouth. However, in the United States, oral cancer accounts for only 5% of all types of cancers. There is a variation in culture in the United States and India, the extensive betel chewing in India is linked to the many cases of oral cancer. The study further revealed that poor oral health could lead to the development of human herpes and human papillomavirus and end up increasing the risk of cancer.
The National Center for Biotechnology Information conducted a study in India to determine the impact of poor oral health. The study revealed that people with poor dental health had a higher risk of developing oral cancer. The people at the highest risk of oral cancer not only had oral cancer but also were actively involved in tobacco smoking. This study concluded that observing good oral hygiene could significantly reduce the risk of developing oral cancer. According to the study, good oral health consists of brushing the teeth with toothpaste several times a day. It also entails replacing lost teeth and making regular visits to the dental office.
Prevention of Oral Cancer
After understanding the leading causes of oral cancer, it becomes easy to take the necessary precautions to prevent the occurrence of the disease. Some of the strategies that you can adopt to prevent oral cancer include:
Observe Proper Oral Hygiene
It is obvious that poor oral health could lead to oral cancer. Therefore, one of the ways of preventing oral cancer is by observing proper oral hygiene. Ensure that you brush and floss your teeth regularly to prevent the accumulation of plaque and other dirt that could lead to tooth decay. You should also seek treatment for gum disease and other dental conditions. If you happen to lose a tooth or several teeth, it is advisable to seek replacement teeth to fill the gap. Leaving open gaps in the mouth could lead to jawbone loss, which could eventually have a toll on your oral health.
Visiting your Dentist Regularly
Ensure that you visit your dentist regularly. Sometimes, sores and spots in your mouth could be too small to notice on your own. It is important to undergo regular dental examinations. Your dentist can be able to detect abnormal lumps and sores early enough and prevent their progression. According to the American Cancer Society, persons above the age of 20 years should undergo cancer screening every three years. However, persons above 40 years should undergo cancer screening annually. Therefore, the next time you visit your dentist, you may request the dentist to perform an oral exam. Early detection of cancer increases the chance of successful treatment.
Conduct Monthly Self-Examinations
It is advisable to perform a self-oral exam at least once per month. You will need a mirror and a bright light to conduct the oral examination. Touch your lips and the front part of your gums to feel the texture. To look and feel the texture of the roof of the mouth, you can tilt your head back. Observe the inner side of your cheeks and look out for unusual patches. You could also touch both sides of your neck to feel whether there is the presence of swollen lymph nodes. If you happen to notice unexpected changes and unusual lumps and patches in your mouth, contact your doctor immediately.
Adopt a Healthy Lifestyle
Changing your behavior could help you prevent oral cancer. First, ensure that you feed on a healthy balanced diet. You should also avoid smoking or using tobacco. If you have to consume alcohol, ensure that you do it in moderation because excessive consumption of alcohol increases the risk of oral cancer. Ensure that you limit your exposure to the sun because it could lead to lip cancer. If you have to go out in the sun, ensure that you use sunscreens and other appropriate sun-protective lotions.
Additional Oral Hygiene Practices
Just brushing your teeth several times a day is not a guarantee of proper oral hygiene. You could still be leaving some gaps if you do not embrace the recommended practices. It is imperative to understand the proper brushing technique and to ensure that you have access to all the right tools. Some of the oral hygiene tips that you need to observe include:
Using the Right Brushing Technique
Quick brushing to remove leftover foods from the surface of your teeth is not enough. The American Dental Association recommends the best brushing technique, which people should follow for the best dental health. When brushing your teeth, you should brush at a 45 degrees angle to your gum using back and forth movements. Ensure that you pass the brush on the inner, outer, and top surfaces of the teeth. While cleaning the backs of the teeth and the front teeth, you should hold the brush vertically. A plaque tends to build up in areas that are hard to reach using a toothbrush.
Take Enough Time
According to the American Dental Association, you should take a minimum of two minutes while brushing your teeth. You should brush at least two times a day. Therefore, the next time you decide to brush your teeth, you should ensure that you do not hastily but take your time.
Pick the Right Brush
The type of brush you choose will go a long way in determining the level of your oral health. You should go for the right brush with the appropriate head and bristles. The head and the bristles should be ample to reach the crevices of your teeth where food particles and plaque often build up. Go for brushes with small to medium-sized heads and bristles.
Use the Right Toothpaste
To get the best out of regular brushing, you have to use the right toothpaste. Go for fluoride toothpaste because this component is the main player in oral health. Fluoride helps to fight against tooth decay and creates a protective layer on your teeth. However, this does not mean that all toothpaste, which contains fluoride, is ideal. While choosing a toothpaste, it is advisable to look for a product that bears the American Dental Association's seal of acceptance. This seal implies that the product meets the right manufacturing requirements. This means that you can have faith in toothpaste, knowing that it is safe and effective to use.
Floss and Use a Mouthwash
Ensure that you floss properly to be able to reach the areas between your teeth. Flossing will help to remove dirt that could have remained after brushing. It is also advisable to use a mouthwash, which can reach areas that floss and toothbrushes cannot reach.